Tuesday, February 1, 2011

Summary of Douglas’ Enlightened Sexism Chapter 4 and 5

The fourth chapter of Susan Douglas’ Enlightened Sexism focuses on the 1990s television shows, movies and other media that dismissed feminism as a thing of the past and unattractive.  Rather the media emphasized the importance of male relationships and female attractiveness in order to achieve womanly happiness and success. 

Some achievements were made, such as the arrival of the female voice-over so that the perspective of the women was more centralized in various movies such as Clueless and Bridget Jones’s Diary.   However, often through these female opinions women were portrayed as extremely feminine and focusing on searching for male approval, thus disassociating with feminism.  Often issues concerning insecurity and female incompetency were principal in the media and demonstrated a shift to antifeminism.  Demeaning portrayals of women were often one-sided and unrepresentative of females as a whole.  Still these shows were greatly appealing to the younger female demographic, likely because they were faced with feminism and the idea of being feminine simultaneously.  Thus the feelings and thoughts of the characters were “real” to the audience.  Douglas explains that through shows such as these, the media dangerously portrayed feminism as a concept of the past while enlightened sexism seemed to take center stage.

Other movies represented feministic perspectives as being understood by men and thus expressed the idea that feminism was no longer necessary.  For instance, in What Women Want, Nick becomes reformed to the point that he has been “reconstructed by feminism”, thus leading the audience to believe that feminist work was unwarranted.  Even movies with women as strong and independent characters such as Miss Congeniality portrayed feminism as sexist because it stereotyped women.  Many movies like this also described the love of a man to be fundamental to a woman’s femininity and accomplishment.  In films that focused on a feminist women, that woman was likely unattractive and unloved.  Only with a makeover or through finding heterosexual love did a character feel fully competent.  The media clearly emphasized the end of feminism and the negative stereotypes that were associated with feminists.  Douglas explains that this importance placed on attractiveness and male approval was principal during the 1990s.

Douglas’ chapter about black female power describes the media portrayal of African American women.  There are many opposing images of black women put forth by shows, talk shows and musical icons.  Thus, Douglas emphasizes the mixed messages about the power of women.  Various icons are seen as exuding power and confidence such as Wanda Sykes and Oprah Winfrey.  These women are often able to move from proper or “middle-class norms” to “Black Speak”.  They act as escapes for both white and black American women.  However this image can also be detrimental to feminism, Douglas argues.  For instance, if women are portrayed as achieving everything they want, then many argue that the case for feminism crumbles.  The portrayal of women in the media, especially black women, is unrepresentative of women from all classes and backgrounds. Often the media emphasizes either the stronger, accomplished woman who no longer needs feminism or the willingly objectified women who encourages enlightened sexism.

Douglas also explains the many issues associated with rap songs that objectify women and portray them as compliant to that objectification.  Interestingly many female black rappers have criticized these stereotypes, often to be further objectified by the media. 

Additionally, Douglas spends ample time discussing Oprah.  Clearly a woman of substantial power and widespread approval, Oprah still seems to focus on individual accomplishments versus political change that could benefit feminism.  Also Douglas argues that by exemplifying the American Dream through her personal story, Oprah makes success seem available to all through hard work, which is clearly not the case in our society. 

Images of black women in the media range from Oprah to characters that are used mostly for comedic relief.  These mixed messages demonstrate the lack of power that women, especially black women, possess.  Douglas demonstrates that feminism is clearly still required in America’s society, as women are portrayed in many stereotypical and often unflattering manners. 


  1. Katrina Kaif Totally Naked Among Crowd Enjoying Playing Guitar Showing Her Sexy Cute Flashy Nude Body

    Hollywood sexy hot nude fuck sex porn xxx indian girls nude chat dating

    Desi indian naughty wife oilly pussy and hot young ass

    Hot sexy parineeti chopra bra breast and figure size with stunning exclusive latest photos

    Hard sex Big Anal Asses with Jayden James10 min,Sunny Leone Very Hot Sexy Photos Stills

    Indian nude housewife exposed her big ass nude image,Sunny Leone Sexy Images download

    Teen Indian house wife in a yellow saree exposing her hot boobs and tight navel

    Indian first night sex photo nude indian house wifes download

    Hot desi indian busty wife ass fucked in dogy style,Actress Meghna Naidu Hot Sexy Latest Photo

    Kareena Kapoor Nude Enjoying Double Penetration in Pussy,Deshi girl sexy photos Download

    Real Life Homemade Aunty Removed Saree Expose Big Ass Images

    Really cute Japanese Schoolgirl shows her hot pink virgin pussy and stinky anus

    Nude american girl showing her ass in doggy style,Drunks Desi Girl Raped By Biggerman

    Indian prostitute showing her boobs and pussy on bed,Tollywood sexy model sexy gallery

    Mallika Sherawat Showing Her Boobs And Pussy,Anushka Lifting Her Legs Spreading Her Pussy

    Just Amazing Collection of Young Wife with her husband at 1st Honeymoon Night

    Mallu Aunty Fucking Photo,Desi Couple Fucking,Sexy South Indian university girl nude big boobs and wet pussy

    Hot Desi Babe Goes Nude Showing Lovely Ass Tits And Cunt Pics,Ramya Krishna Big Boobs Pressed Nicely

    Sonam Kapoor Hot Navel Show in Aisha HQ scan,Very Hot Indian Bhabi Showing Boobs

    Teen Girl Trying Dog Sex First Time,Desi Village Bhabhi Pure pussy Photos

    3gp XXX Hot Sexy Porn Video Indian Girl Pakistan Boy,Sunny's Exclusive Hot Sari Pics

    Mallu wife getting kissed pussy licked and fucked hard by husband pics

    Aishwarya Rai Fucking with Two Huge Cocks,Anushka Shetty Lifting Her Skirt To Show Pussy

    Katrina Kaif Braless Showing Her Huge Juicy Soft Boobs and Cute Pink Nipples Looking Gorgeous and Sexy